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  • in reply to: Wife newly diagnosed with PSC and CC #99070
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi GetWellSoon,

    The discussion board seems a little glitchy of late.  If you are having trouble posting, please send a note to Rick through the form you can click on the discussion board main page.  For me, switching to a different device helps.  Hopefully we can get the glitches fixed.

     

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Husband, 55 y.o. diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma #99069
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Jules,

    It is nice to hear from you and thank you for posting an update on how your husband is doing with treatment.

    Treatment side effects can sometimes be different with each cycle, and stomach problems are not uncommon.   Regarding the new finding seen in the scan of the liver, with surgery and other treatments, patients do have spots and scarring that turn up on scans.  Doctors monitor these in case they are or become cancer, but until something is determined to be suspicious, try not to worry.  If a scan finding raises questions, doctors may send the patient for a different type of scan to get a better look, e.g., a PET scan.

    I hope your husband feels better in the coming days and that his treatment continues to keep the cancer well controlled.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Intro – Intrahepatic CCA found by coincidence #99054
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Hatice,

    It is good to learn you are recovering well from your second surgery and tolerating the chemo reasonably well.  I hope you continue to feel better and have good scans ahead.  There always seems to be anxiety with scans, but they are a necessary part of keeping this cancer under control.

    Take care, please stay in touch, Mary

    in reply to: Meaning of absolute contraindication. #99053
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Nicolo,

    The researchers associated with the trial you are interested in may be amenable to providing more explanation if you contact them again or reach out by phone.

    The purpose of a trial is to test the effectiveness of a new treatment.  For this reason, close attention is paid to patient selection to be sure that the statistics that come out of the trial paint a clear picture of the treatment’s outcomes for patients and document any side effects.  If a patient has other health issues, there may be a determination that it would be difficult to know if an adverse outcome or side effect was due to the treatment or to the other underlying health issues.  With their experience with earlier patients, they may have a sense of a patient profile at higher risk of infection.  Patient selection involves careful judgment calls by doctors and researchers in charge of a clinical trial.

    The message you received suggested to me that the trial doctors and researchers are concerned that the treatment might further harm your father’s weakened liver function.

    I hope you can get the answers you are looking for.  If you have additional medical records that would support your case, there would seem no harm to asking again about his eligibility.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Introduction / Welcome #99052
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Joslyn,

    Welcome to our community.  Congratulations on getting through surgery with a good result.

    Restarting chemo is something to address with your doctor, who may have qualms given your prior bad reaction to the xeloda.  Adjuvant treatment after surgery is generally started as soon as the patient recovers as it is intended to mop up any stray cancer cells, especially cancer cells that may have been released via surgery or in conjunction with wound healing.  I am not a doctor, but my understanding is adjuvant treatments risk becoming less effective the longer after the date of surgery.   Typically, adjuvant treatment would start about 6-8 weeks after surgery and no later than 12 weeks after.  The BILCAP clinical trial that tested the effectiveness of post-surgery xeloda, for example, accepted patients up to twelve weeks after surgery.

    Since you did have some xeloda, hopefully there was benefit even though you stopped early.  Your doctor can advise if any additional treatment is advisable at this time.  With a clean surgery of a single tumor with no lymph node involvement, your results are positive and hopefully the October scan will bring good news.

    Every cancer patient I have met, myself included, endures an anxiety freak-out when facing a scan.  There are articles on some of the cancer association websites with tips on handling the anxiety.  My own approach is to limit my “scanxiety” to a couple of specified days (e.g., the two days before the scan) and ban myself from worrying about it otherwise.  This sometimes sort of works, at least for me.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Meaning of absolute contraindication. #99026
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Nicolo,

    Not getting into a clinical trial of great interest must be disappointing and frustrating.

    As I understood your message, it seemed that the doctors thought your father may be at higher risk of infection due to the specifics of his stents.  Infection risk would be a concern in TIL trials because the treatment involves reducing then rebuilding the patient’s immune system, as I (not a doctor) understand it.  Trials choose patients carefully not only to ensure safety but also to be certain their patient group fits the characteristics that enable having statistics at the end that are valid to demonstrate effectiveness.

    There are many trials for cholangiocarcinoma (and solid tumor) patients, including outside the U.S. In your search, have you found others to look into?  Has your father had genomic testing to see if the new targeted treatments being tested in trials would be of potential benefit?

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Husband, 55 y.o. diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma #99010
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Jules,

    I hope that when you hear the full scan report, it confirms that the chemo is doing its job in controlling the cancer.  It is common for chemo to affect blood counts, so doctors are very experienced in making adjustments along the way.  Chemo might be delayed a week or dosages are adjusted or treatments such as transfusions are used.  Blood counts do go up and down with treatment which is why they are so frequently tested.

    Hopefully you and your husband will be given options to deal with blood clots and the possible appearance of cancer in the bones, if that is what is found.  Cancer patients have a higher risk of blood clots, especially with some chemo drugs, and this is also something oncologists look out for and are experienced in addressing.  If a bone met is present, radiation is often recommended as you mention.

    Be sure to detail for your husband’s doctor how tired he is feeling.  Apart from the side effects, the mechanics of cancer treatment are exhausting for patients (and also caregivers) and at times take over one’s life what with all the medical appointments, tests, treatments and everything else that goes with it.  It can be hard to maintain a semblance of normal life during periods when the medical interactions are so frequent and you are feeling lousy.  I remember a period when I was having nine medical appointments in a single week and trying to hang on to working.  For many patients this calms down once the treatment stabilizes the cancer, but there will be ups and downs.

    I hope the Wednesday appointment goes well.  You might want to ask if you can have quicker access to scan reports.  In my experience, scans are read fairly quickly after the image is taken.  The hospital where my care is given puts the scan into the patient portal a day or two after the imaging, sometimes before I see the doctor.  There seems to be a different approaches from one center to the next but it does not hurt to ask if there are long waits to hear results.

    Take care, regards, Mary

     

    in reply to: In Loving Memory of our Dad – Joe Terranova #98993
    bglass
    Moderator

    Dear Laura,

    I am sorry to hear this sad news about your beloved father.  Please accept my condolences.  From what you describe, he was a person of great heart and character and will be greatly missed.

    Take care, regards, Mary

    in reply to: Offsetting the Cost of Cancer #98992
    bglass
    Moderator

    Gavin,

    Thank you for this extremely helpful post with many ideas for dealing with the financial cost of cancer treatment.

    I wanted to add a couple more.  First, if you are in the United States, cholangiocarcinoma is a diagnosis that qualifies patients for Social Security Disability benefits on an expedited approval basis.   This program is referred to as compassionate allowance, and here is a link:

    https://www.ssa.gov/compassionateallowances/

    Also, local organizations can help with rides to and from treatment in your area.  You will have to do a little internet digging to find which organizations help in this way.  In some communities, organizations affiliated with Meals on Wheels seem to offer this support, and I believe the American Cancer Society can help with rides in some communities.

    Here is the link to the American Cancer Society information:

    https://www.cancer.org/treatment/support-programs-and-services/patient-transportation.html

    If any board members have other ideas on how to defray the high costs of cancer treatment, please add them to this thread.

    Regards, Mary

    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Getwellsoon,

    I do not have personal experience with chemotherapy in a situation of high bilirubin. I did look through reliable medical articles to see if I could find any information. Because cholangiocarcinoma is rare, there was little information related to our cancer, so I also looked at the topic for other liver cancers and metastases.

    My layperson’s appreciation of what I read is as follows: When a patient has cancer in the liver and/or bile ducts, a primary objective of treatment is to maintain or improve liver functioning. Poor liver functioning is evident through bilirubin and liver enzyme testing and presence of visible symptoms most notably jaundice. Liver function is an essential aspect of human health and this will always be taken into account for liver/bile duct cancer treatment.

    Chemotherapy is used to stabilize or shrink tumors found in the liver and bile ducts, and can help to lower bilirubin and liver enzymes. The complication is that chemotherapy is a strong treatment and can itself stress the liver. I found many patient postings, for example, reporting that chemo was delayed or the dosage reduced because the patient’s bilirubin had gone up or liver enzyme levels had deteriorated. So doctors may be reluctant to offer chemotherapy to patients whose liver function is impaired.

    Complicating this question further is the concern that if the liver is not functioning well, chemotherapy may not be effective because some chemos may need the liver to be relatively healthy to do their work.

    There do not seem to have been any large scale clinical trials or other studies that demonstrate whether or not chemotherapy should be given to patients showing signs of a very stressed liver. There are a few case studies and small number studies, some of which show encouraging results but the patients described mostly had bilirubin that was somewhat high, not excessively high. There are studies showing which chemotherapy drugs are less likely to cause additional harm to a patient’s liver. But otherwise, it is left to individual doctors using their clinical experience to determine if chemo is warranted for a specific patient.

    For cholangiocarcinoma, where the liver issues often relate to blockages in bile ducts, remedies such as inserting a stent into a blocked duct or some other form of drainage, will be tried as a means to address jaundice and reduce bilirubin levels. This may be done prior to starting chemotherapy for the reasons described above.

    For any patients and caregivers facing the concern of treatment when the liver shows signs of high stress or poor functioning, the topic should be reviewed with the doctor to be sure available steps are being taken to address liver function (e.g., through stenting) and to take a careful look at whether chemotherapy is possible, which may mean looking at chemos with less potential to further harm the liver, looking at reduced doses or other means to ensure safety.  It is possible that a doctor would assess that chemo under these circumstances would not be very effective and would do more harm than good.  As with any other complicated medical question, a second opinion might be helpful to seek if another set of eyes would add clarity to treatment decisions.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Introduction / Welcome #98970
    bglass
    Moderator

     

    Hi Getwellsoon,

    Welcome to our community.  I like your user name, and also hope that your sister feels better.

    Cholangiocarcinoma has few symptoms in the early stages, and for many of us it is discovered when we are treated for something unrelated.  In your sister’s case, from what you describe, the cancer revealed itself with your sister’s pregnancy.  As difficult as that was, the earlier this cancer is found and treated, the better for the patient.  It sounds like your sister’s doctors have figured out a treatment plan for her.

    There is a lot of good information for patients and caregivers on this discussion board, and on the website of the Cholangiocarcinoma Foundation.  Please send any questions you have.   We are patients and caregivers so cannot give medical advice, but have a great collective experience coping with this rare cancer that may be of help to you and your sister.

    Take care, regards, Mary

    in reply to: Severe constipation #98969
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Hatice,

    After a lot of trial and error, my go to remedy has been Bisacodyl 5 or 10 mg at bedtime plus an over-the-counter probiotic, together with lots of water, fiber and exercise (taking walks).  Bisacodyl is not for everyone as it can cause cramping.  Any laxative you try should be checked first with your doctor to be sure it does not interfere with any treatment or with recovery from surgery.   There are many remedies out there, but it can take some trial and error to identify what works for you.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Starting radiations Monday 11th March with xeloda chemo #98968
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Brigitte,

    I am glad to hear you have started your trial, but sorry you are having so many side effects.  I hope they calm down or at least can be managed.  What type of new drug is being added to the gem-cis?  Fingers crossed the trial treatment brings you good results.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: Mom Diagnosed in April #98958
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Kristin,

    I am sorry to hear that your mom is battling our rare cancer.  As you heard from vtkb, with our cancer it is essential to receive skilled medical advice from doctors who have seen a lot of cholangiocarcinoma patients.  The Cholangiocarcinoma Foundation website has a provider map tool that can help you find doctors and treatment centers in your area.

    Generally surgery is not offered in cases where the cancer has spread outside the liver and bile ducts, although there are occasional exceptions based on the surgeon’s judgment.  Once the cancer has spread, the concern seems to be that the surgery could do more harm than good, so doctors turn to chemo and other treatments in hope of shrinking the tumors and keeping the cancer stable.

    There are a lot of cancer drugs being tested through clinical trials.  It is not clear to me why your mother would not potentially be a candidate.  If you go to clinicaltrials.gov you can search for trials in your area or as far away as your mother might be willing to travel.  You can try several searches:  “cholangiocarcinoma,” “solid tumor” and “biliary cancer” would bring up a set of trials.  Each trial listing toward the bottom gives information for a point of contact whom you can call or write to and see if your mother might be a good candidate.

    Often the trials are offered when the initial treatments lose effectiveness — each trial listed at clinicaltrials.gov will tell you the requirements for eligibility. But with this cancer, doctors and patients look to have their Plan B and even Plan C in mind (just as your mom’s doctor is mentioning possible radiation.)

    I hope your mom’s treatment keeps her cancer well controlled.  Please take a look at the many patient and caregiver resources on the Foundation website and please send any questions our way.

    Regards, Mary

    in reply to: 2019 Cholangiocarcinoma Foundation Annual Meeting Videos #98941
    bglass
    Moderator

    Hi Hatice,

    Information on the 2020 Annual Conference of the Cholangiocarcinoma Foundation will be posted on the Foundation’s website.  It is a little early so there are not yet many details, but if you check back from time to time, more information will become available.

    Here is the current link:  https://cholangiocarcinoma.org/misc2/2020-annual-conference/

    I would really recommend that patients and caregivers take a look at this, and consider attending.  While there is not yet information on conference plans for 2020,  in some years in the past there have been scholarships to help with costs of attendance.  The conference is a wonderful opportunity to meet other patients and caregivers, learn about the latest treatments and research, and hear presentations from some of the top doctors and researchers.  I first attended the conference a bit over a year after I was diagnosed, and it was the first time I met other patients with the same cancer.  I came away with a lot more hope, with a lot of information to share with my doctors, and with new people in my network.

    Salt Lake City is a beautiful place to visit as well.   We will post additional information on the conference on the discussion board as it comes available, or you can check when you look at the Foundation website.

    Regards, Mary

Viewing 15 posts - 46 through 60 (of 490 total)
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